At the end of the 19th century Pechiney and Solvay created factories specializing in extracting and commercializing industrial salt, which led to the creation of the town of Salin-de-Giraud in the French region of Camargue. Local workers but also workers from Italy, Armenia and Greece were hired to prepare the land and harvest the salt. Some of the lagoons were transformed into a hyper-saline ecosystem, with their aquatic fauna limited to certain invertebrate species adapted to such extreme conditions. With the complete cessation of salt production at Salin-de-Giraud acquired in 2015 by the Conservatoire du littoral (Cdl), the global hydrological regime of the site will be completely reconsidered. The restoration methods that will be implemented in Camargue represent an example of climate change adaptation project because into the area to be restored the coastal erosion rate ranges from 7 to 10 meters per year.
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